IU in the News

A daily digest of media coverage about Indiana University

April 7, 2020
IU in the News is a daily review of the important news stories relating to Indiana University. It is not intended to be an all-inclusive gathering of news, and no editorial revisions are made to the content, which is presented as it was initially published or broadcast.

IU Making Headlines

The Indianapolis Star

IU deploys its 3D printers to help make protective masks for fight against coronavirus

He was used to making models of fossils for the geology department, "World's Greatest Dad" tokens, even a 10-inch span of intestine. But Indiana University's 3D lab coordinator Andrew Webb never thought he'd be 3D printing masks to fight a global pandemic. "Never in my wildest dreams," he said. "I was perfectly content printing trinkets and toys." Webb is part of a legion of engineers, scientists and health care professionals turning to 3D printing to address the dire need for N95 masks to combat the spread of the coronavirus.

The Bloomington Herald-Times

Origami artist hopes her masks will slow spread of COVID-19

Now that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are recommending people cover their faces when going out to run errands, face masks are in high demand. But they're becoming harder to find, leading to DIY versions of the personal protective equipment. Jiangmei Wu, an assistant professor of design at Indiana University, is using the ancient art of origami to help solve the problem. She's created a prototype design for a face mask to help protect individuals from spreading the novel coronavirus. They can be made at home using paper, fabric and other materials. ... Artists, Wu said, tend to be proactive about solving societal problems using their work -- and during the current crisis, they've stepped up. "I believe that there are many artists out there right now working very hard during this crisis in this community, and I’m not the only one," she said in an email.

Related stories: The New York Times

Fox 59

IU School of Medicine student shares COVID-19 experience to warn young people they aren't invincible

A 27-year-old, soon-to-be doctor, has a warning for all young adults: You are not invincible to COVID-19. He's sharing his story in hopes that people who are not taking this seriously begin to realize they too are at risk. As a fourth-year medical student, David Vega says he prioritized his health. He thought he was invincible to COVID-19, but his outlook changed one month ago. "Very, very scary and the most sick I've ever felt in my life," Vega explained. Vega says he could have done more to protect himself. He wrote about his experience for his fellow Indiana University students and staff, to let them know -- this is serious.

Related stories: The Indianapolis Star

IU Voices in the News

The New York Times

How will we know when it's time to reopen the nation?

Written by Aaron E. Carroll, a professor of pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute. Everyone wants to know when we are going to be able to leave our homes and reopen the United States. That's the wrong way to frame it. The better question is: "How will we know when to reopen the country?" Any date that is currently being thrown around is just a guess. It's pulled out of the air. ... Since the virus appears to be everywhere, we have to shut everything down. That's unlikely to be the way we'll exit, though. Some cities or states will recover sooner than others. It's helpful to have criteria by which cities or states could determine they're ready. A recent report by Scott Gottlieb, Caitlin Rivers, Mark B. McClellan, Lauren Silvis and Crystal Watson staked out some goal posts.

Chicago Tribune

When COVID-19 attacks the lungs, ventilators can be a patient's only chance of survival

The respiratory system's job is to take oxygen from human breath and push it through the spongy, porous lining of the lungs into the bloodstream. The war of inflammation between virus and immune system creates a condition called Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome that smothers the lungs' lining. It is a form of drowning. "The immune system recognizes there's a foreign invader," said Graham Carlos, a pulmonary critical care doctor in Indianapolis. "As the virus replicates and infects more cells, at the same time, the immune system is ramping up so strong it causes extreme inflammation in the lungs. And when that happens, it blocks the lungs' ability to oxygenate the blood." ... Top-of-the-line ventilators provide feedback from the body that allows doctors and respiratory therapists to regulate the treatment. The amount of pressure ventilators are exerting on injured lungs leaves little room for error, doctors said. "Not all ventilators are created equal," said Carlos, who is a professor at the Indiana University School of Medicine. He spoke to the Tribune during a recent shift working on the COVID-19 unit at Eskenazi Hospital, which functions as Marion County's public medical center, serving Indianapolis' most at-risk populations. 

The Seattle Times

Coronavirus school closures to continue in Washington state through the end of the school year

When businesses eventually reopen, customers have the choice to visit or not, based on their own concerns about health and safety. Not so with schools: Once school buildings open their doors, teachers, staff and students may be encouraged or compelled to go back. These decisions may be made at the district level once statewide orders end. But in general, "Schools are sort of an all-or-nothing switch," said Aaron Carroll, professor of pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine. "We may have to be really sure we have things under control before we start doing that."

The Conversation

What does 'recovered from coronavirus' mean? 4 questions answered

Written by Tom Duszynski, director of epidemiology education, IUPUI. The coronavirus is certainly scary, but despite the constant reporting on total cases and a climbing death toll, the reality is that the vast majority of people who come down with COVID-19 survive it. Just as the number of cases grows, so does another number: those who have recovered. In mid-March, the number of patients in the U.S. who had officially recovered from the virus was close to zero. That number is now in the tens of thousands and is climbing every day. But recovering from COVID-19 is more complicated than simply feeling better. Recovery involves biology, epidemiology and a little bit of bureaucracy too.

The Atlantic

America is thirsty for Anthony Fauci

In a recent blog post titled "Help, I Think I'm in Love With Andrew Cuomo??" the Jezebel writer Rebecca Fishbein ran down the list of things she despises about him politically, then confessed, "When I stream his presser on the governor's website -- every day around 11:30 a.m., complete with a PowerPoint presentation -- I feel comforted. I feel alive. I feel protected. I feel ... butterflies." ... "It (does) not last long, but I think there's this feeling that somebody is telling you, in what seems like a straightforward manner, what's going on," she said. This can mutate into a crush with ease. "It's just your mind playing tricks on you."  This is literally true, says Helen Fisher, a biological anthropologist who studies dating and relationships at Indiana University's Kinsey Institute. "In times of crisis, people have a fight-or-flight response. That drives up the testosterone in the brain," she told me. "Testosterone triggers various brain systems that can trigger sexual arousal. Testosterone also has a positive correlation with dopamine, and dopamine is linked with feelings of romantic love."

The Conversation

Shipwrecked! How social isolation can enrich our spiritual lives -- like Robinson Crusoe

Written by Richard Gunderman, Chancellor's Professor of Medicine, Liberal Arts, and Philanthropy, Indiana University. He survived the last great plague in London and the city's Great Fire. He was imprisoned and persecuted for his religious and political views. There was no happy ending for the journalist Daniel Defoe, author of "A Journal of a Plague Year." When he died in 1731, he was mired in debt and hiding from his creditors. Yet Defoe, born in 1660, left behind a work of fiction that is one of the most widely published books in history and -- other than the Bible -- the most translated book in the world. Like many great works of fiction, it speaks across centuries, especially now as we face the COVID-19 pandemic. ... As a physician and scholar, I have taught ("Robinson Crusoe") many times to my students at Indiana University. I believe it is one of the best books to read as we endure the uncertainty and isolation due to COVID-19, because it invites us to reflect on existential issues at the core of a pandemic.

South Bend Tribune

Details on coronavirus cases are often scant as health officials point to privacy laws

As the number of COVID-19 infections climbs throughout the Midwest and the rest of the nation, state and county health officials are typically releasing broad information and statistics on infections, despite a hunger from residents for more details on the spread of the virus in their communities, or even their neighborhoods. ... Health officials and some experts argue that the conservative approach is justified by medical privacy rights. .. Beyond privacy concerns, some experts say it would not be helpful at this stage in the pandemic to offer detailed explanations of how and where the virus has spread. Paul Halverson, dean of the Indiana University Fairbanks School of Public Health, said the virus is so widespread, there is little value in trying to identify specific high-risk areas. "Frankly, we all probably ought to act like we have the disease and that everybody else around us has the disease," Halverson said.


Madam CJ Walker: 'An inspiration to us all'

When American journalist A'Lelia Bundles published her first article about her great-great grandmother, Madam CJ Walker in 1982, it was in the "lost women" column of a women's magazine. That marked quite a comedown for Mrs Walker, who founded a haircare business that made her the country's first self-made female millionaire -- "the world's wealthiest coloured woman, the foremost manufacturer and philanthropist of her race", as one newspaper described her when she died in 1919. To this day, Madam CJ Walker products can be purchased in stores -- an unlikely legacy for a woman who toiled in poverty for decades and whose parents had been enslaved. ... Her obituaries recognised her for her philanthropy as well as her riches. "Today we talk a lot about social entrepreneurship and businesses having a double bottom line or triple bottom line, (maximising social and environmental good as well as profits)," says Tyrone Freeman, a professor of philanthropic studies at (IUPUI), whose book about Mrs Walker's charitable work is due out this fall. "I see Walker doing this 100 years ago."


How to stay safe from COVID-19 while grocery shopping

Most stores, including Aldi and Costco, have specific hours for shoppers more likely to contract the virus, like seniors and people with underlying health conditions. "I would really recommend anyone who's in that high-risk vulnerable population to try and get someone else to shop for you, if possible," says Shandy Dearth, a lecturer at the Fairbanks School of Public Health at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis. "Or use some of that grocery delivery service options that are out there now." Dearth has more than 20 years of experience in public health. She says there are simple precautions for shopping trips. "It wouldn't hurt for you to wash your hands before you leave your house ... just in case you've got anything in your house you're not aware of. You also don't want to spread it to your neighbors at the grocery store," says Dearth.

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