IU in the News

A daily digest of media coverage about Indiana University

October 7, 2020
IU in the News is a daily review of the important news stories relating to Indiana University. It is not intended to be an all-inclusive gathering of news, and no editorial revisions are made to the content, which is presented as it was initially published or broadcast.

IU Making Headlines

CBS4 Indy

New study finds many voting machines in Indiana are vulnerable to security issues

A new report is raising concerns that many voting machines in Indiana are vulnerable to security issues. Indiana University reviewed several types of voting machines and found most Hoosiers cast a ballot using direct-recording electronic machines. Those are the ones that have a touch screen. They don't store your votes in the computer memory. ... "If something were to happen, machines malfunctioned or there’s a question of voting and recounting, you cannot go back and recount," Joti Martin a policy analyst for the Public Policy Institute at Indiana University said.

The Indianapolis Star

The fascinating tale of Gatorade's Indy beginnings: '99.9% of Indiana does not know this'

Vile-tasting synthetic sweat was developed in a basement lab by doctors who, soon after, landed at the Indiana University School of Medicine and convinced canned bean company Stokely Van-Camp to bottle the concoction and sell it. That's how a multi-billion dollar sports drink industry was launched in Indianapolis, with a beverage called Gatorade. "99.9% of Indiana does not know this," said Dr. Richard Schreiner, a former IU School of Medicine professor who, for decades, has studied the school's history. "It is just a fascinating tale."

Monticello Herald Journal

STUDY: White County ranks among most secure in ballot box security

When it comes to ballot box security in Indiana, White County is among the state's most secure, according to a study by the Indiana University Public Policy Institute. ... "Without a verifiable paper record of votes, it can be difficult to detect security breaches or errors in the electronic systems," says Joti Martin, a policy analyst at IUPPI. "Without that paper trail, it also is more challenging to try to recount or audit votes in the event of an election-related issue."

The Bloomington Herald-Times

IU students encourage civic engagement on first day of early voting

Tommy Stephens has heard people describe college students as apathetic. But the Indiana University graduate student said Tuesday that’s just not true. ... Stephens was one of half a dozen IU students who spoke on the first day of early voting in Indiana. They held signs and addressed a small contingent of local media outlets in an event organized by students involved with the IU Political and Civic Engagement program and the university's chapter of the Big Ten Voting Challenge. "Voting is something that tells our nation we're paying attention and using our education for action," said Ping Showalter, a member of the civic engagement program's student leadership committee. Ky Freeman, president of the Black Student Union at IU, talked about the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and how voter participation helps honor the struggles that led to the law.

The Bloomington Herald-Times

IU's online, in-person class percentages flip

The percentage of Indiana University students taking exclusively in-person classes this year is about the same as the percentage taking classes exclusively online last year. These and other figures were presented to the IU Board of Trustees during a virtual meeting of the Academic Affairs and University Policy Committee on Thursday. They show changes in the delivery of instruction at IU during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Biospace

First statewide, random sample study of COVID-19 fatality IDs risk by age, gender and ethnicity

The probability of dying from COVID-19 depends more on age than gender, race or ethnicity, according to the first U.S. statewide random sample study of SARS-CoV-2 prevalence and fatalities. The study, published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, was conducted jointly by researchers from the Indiana University (IU) Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health and the IU School of Medicine. The results are likely to be applicable nationwide.

Duke Energy News Center

Duke Energy Foundation's 'Powerful Communities' program awards over $235K for nature grants

Indiana University's Environmental Resilience Institute (ERI) will launch the 2021 Resilience Cohort to bring together local government staff and partners to advance local capacity and produce greenhouse gas inventories for up to six communities in Duke Energy's Indiana service territory.

The Boston Globe

Two Boston-area scholars receive MacArthur Foundation genius grants

Mary L. Gray, a senior researcher at Microsoft Research, and Isaiah Andrews, a Harvard University economics professor, are among the 21 scholars named as 2020 MacArthur fellows. ... Gray, 51, said she, too, was shocked to learn she had been named a fellow. A professor of informatics at Indiana University, she's currently on research leave. "I spent at least the first 10 minutes swearing out loud, saying, 'You’ve got to be kidding me,' " she said by phone. Gray is an anthropologist, media scholar, and author whose work focuses on how the Internet affects society and individuals, particularly those who have the least access to the online world, she said.

News-Medical Net

Binge drinking is increasing, especially in women during COVID-19

Researchers from RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, and Indiana University School of Public Health, Bloomington, Indiana, last week released their work studying the pattern of alcohol use and its consequences on Americans during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Their study titled, "Changes in Adult Alcohol Use and Consequences During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the US," was published on September 29 in the latest issue of the JAMA Network Open. Researchers Michael Pollard, Joan Tucker, and Harold Green write that with the advent of the highly infectious severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there have been several measures to contain the spread of infection. One of the important measures to break the chain of transmission has been lockdowns and the prevention of gatherings. As more and more people were forced to stay at home, the consumption of alcohol and other substances also was altered.

The Chronicle of Philanthropy

Nonprofits concerned about seeking and processing donor-advised fund gifts

Fifty-five percent of nonprofits say they are concerned about the difficulty of soliciting gifts from donor-advised funds, according to a new survey by the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy. The concern level was especially high -- 70 percent -- among nonprofits that had never received gifts from donor-advised funds. ... Una Osili, associate dean for research and international programs at the Lilly Family School, said that one of the main reasons for conducting the study was that although there is a growing body of research about the giving side of donor-advised funds, much less is known about the recipients. "These funds are becoming important mechanisms for nonprofits, not just for donors," Osili said.

Pet Product News

HABRI-funded research to examine relationship between pet ownership and human gut microbiome

Researchers from Indiana University-Bloomington's School of Public Health are setting out to characterize the impact of pet ownership on the adult gut microbiota, which has been shown to influence the role of cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. The study is being funded by the Human Animal Bond Research Institute (HABRI). "Studies have found that living with cats or dogs imparts health benefits associated with the gut microbiota of infants and children, such as a reduced risk of developing asthma and other immune-related diseases," said Dr. Katharine Watson, principal investigator. "Studies have also shown that gut microbiota health is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. However, it is not known whether the gut microbiota of adult pet owners differs from non-owners. As pet ownership is associated with benefits to the gut microbiota of infants, it is probable that adults who live with pets may have similar benefits and that these may play a role in CVD risk reduction."

Indiana Public Media

Mass testing by IU decreases Monroe County's positive COVID-19 stats

While Indiana has seen an upward trend of COVID-19 cases and state positivity rates, Indiana University's mass testing has pushed Monroe County’s percentages in the opposite direction. ... Dr. Aaron Carroll, director of surveillance and mitigation for IU's COVID-19 pandemic response team, said in an email he believes the university's testing constitutes a large portion of all of Monroe County's tests.

IU Voices in the News

NBC Bay Area

What to expect from the vice presidential debate

“What we’re going to see tomorrow is what we typically see in a television debate,” said Professor Chris Lamb of Indiana University Indianapolis (IUPUI). ... "Pence is going to portray Harris as a left-wing socialist," Lamb said. Back in the 90s Pence found his voice as a conservative talk-radio show host in Indiana. It's a skillset that historian and journalism Professor Lamb believes Pence will rely on Wednesday.

Money

Online MBA programs: What to know before applying and how much they actually cost

Some schools have also incorporated residencies, internships, and other networking opportunities as part of their online curriculum for a richer experience. "This not only breaks the stigma for students, but it also breaks the stigma views of the recruiters," says Idie Kesner, dean of the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. "And, so, we're seeing recruiters who value the online MBA, as much as they do the full-time residential MBA," she adds.

Post Tribune

Hundreds wait in long lines as early voting starts in Porter County

Twins Olivia and Grace Jewett, 20, of Valparaiso, both studying nursing at Indiana University Northwest, had been in line around 20 minutes and still hadn’t made it in the door (of the polling place). The pair, who often answered questions in unison, said they voted early in the primary, too, though they weren’t thrilled with their choices on the ballot for their first presidential election. "It's kind of disappointing that these are the candidates. I think a lot of that is the consequence of the two-party system," Olivia said. Grace said she felt similarly, adding it’s been "a little of old white guys" year after year.

NBC News

Kamala Harris and a history of trying to define 'Asian American'

The identity of Sen. Kamala Harris, who will debate Vice President Mike Pence on Wednesday, is part of a long discussion of who gets to be considered Asian American and who is too often left out of the group. ... Ellen Wu, director of the Asian American Studies Program at Indiana University, said the late 1960s marked a watershed moment for activists who made the conscious decision to take on the "Asian American" label as a statement. They aimed to signal their shared histories of racism, as well as imperial domination. Dhingra emphasized that the movement was led by U.S.-born East Asian Americans who fought to distance themselves from the word "Oriental." Wu added that with "America" as part of the label, movement participants declared their place in the country while remaining cognizant of the U.S.' history of oppression and exploitation.

The Bloomington Herald-Times

What happens if the president is too sick to perform his duties?

President Donald Trump’s COVID-19 infection, and subsequent hospitalization, has sparked discussion about what would happen if he was too sick to carry out the duties of his office. Fortunately, the 25th Amendment addresses this issue. "That answers pretty much all the questions," said Steve Sanders, a professor at the Indiana University Maurer School of Law. Beyond saying the vice president becomes president when the office is vacant -- from death, resignation or removal -- the 25th Amendment has two other provisions.

Fresno Bee

Suicide attempts up among young people in Fresno

Researchers who spoke with The Bee said Mendoza's feeling of "giving up" is common and potentially damaging physically. According to Indiana University neuroscientist Cara Wellman, crisis fatigue-related stress can physically alter a person's brain. "Prefrontal cortex is a part of the brain that is very important for cognitive processes like attention," Wellman said. "Chronic stress produces changes in the structure of brain regions."

Ms. Magazine

Conservative youth group hires teens to covertly spam a pro-Trump social media agenda

Ms. spoke with Pik-Mai Hui, an Indiana University PhD student working with the Observatory on Social Media, aimed at curbing the spread of misinformation online and the manipulation of social media. His research played a large role in identifying TPA's coordinated, inauthentic network behavior. We asked him the best ways to combat trolling and misinformation on social media. "For general users on social media, develop news literacy and critical thinking skills for evaluating the reliability of any information on social media, so that they do not participate (by resharing) in any part of these malicious activities unconsciously," Hui told Ms. "If they see any such malicious activities, they should report them to the platforms, rather than just skipping over them." Hui also said parents can play a large role by teaching their children responsible social media behavior.

ClimateWire

Pence called climate change a 'myth.' Does Ind. agree?

"In general, we find that strong partisan disagreements continue to characterize Hoosiers' perceptions, explanations, and plans for the climate-driven challenges that scientists tell us are already here," researchers with Indiana University's Environmental Resilience Institute found in a statewide survey of more than 2,700 Indiana residents. ... Janet McCabe, director of the IU resilience institute and former acting assistant administrator for EPA's Office of Air and Radiation, said Indiana's reputation as a climate laggard, while fomented by then-Gov. Pence and his successor, Republican Gov. Eric Holcomb, is not as solid as many think. "I don't know whether it's right to say [Pence] was ever fully in step with Hoosiers on this issue. But it is documented that views are shifting here," said McCabe, who also held senior positions in the Indiana Department of Environmental Management during the late 1990s and early 2000s. "Nevertheless, I think we can say the vice president's views are pretty solidly on one side of this issue."

South Bend Tribune

South Bend council approves community review board for police

The board should contain more members from the city's "most policed communities," as indicated by police crime statistics, said De Bryant, a BLMSB member and psychology professor at Indiana University South Bend. Bryant wants a board that’s a mix of professionals with positions in community organizations and those with advanced academic degrees, but also "people who have influence and power in relation to relationships and knowledge and understanding of our history here in South Bend." Most importantly, board members should be willing to "go the distance." "Because it isn't an easy way to address the balance of power within our city, so it's going to be work and it's going to be a long haul," Bryant said. She said the alliance and BLMSB will soon convene focus groups of "at-risk individuals, maybe they have a relationship with the criminal justice system already" for their perspectives.

The Conversation

VP debates are often forgettable -- but Dan Quayle never recovered from his 1988 debate mistake

Written by Chris Lamb, professor of journalism at IUPUI. If you think that vice presidential debates -- like the one on Oct. 7 between Vice President Mike Pence and U.S. Sen. Kamala Harris -- have no political impact, I have two words for you: Dan Quayle.

Chalkbeat Indiana

Why some say Indiana's school COVID-19 dashboard is missing critical information

Indiana's seven-day positivity rate has been between 4% and 5%. If it reaches 10%, that could cause concern, said Thomas Duszynski, a epidemiology professor at IUPUI’s Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health. ... Drawing on multiple sources of information could help show how much COVID-19 has spread in an area, since school districts often extend into different counties, Duszynski said. It would be useful if the dashboard showed the positivity rate, trends over time, and data by age and grade level and within school districts, he said.

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