IU in the News

A daily digest of media coverage about Indiana University

February 1, 2021
IU in the News is a daily review of the important news stories relating to Indiana University. It is not intended to be an all-inclusive gathering of news, and no editorial revisions are made to the content, which is presented as it was initially published or broadcast.

Big News

Cook Center for Public Arts and Humanities to open with first faculty exhibitions

This story has been covered by: Indiana Daily Student.

IU Making Headlines

DT Next

Emotional balance is more beneficial to business visionaries than expertise: Study

Psychic balance inclusive of the capacity to manage and oversee feelings to relieve stress might be more imperative to a business' endurance than earlier suspected talent and skills, according to researchers from Indiana University Kelley School of Business. "We found that entrepreneurs benefit much more from emotional competencies than other competencies -- such as IQ -- due to high uncertainty and ambiguity that comes with the world of entrepreneurship and even more applicable in a crisis," said Regan Stevenson, assistant professor of entrepreneurship and management and the John and Donna Shoemaker Faculty Fellow in Entrepreneurship. The paper, 'What matters more for entrepreneurship success? A meta-analysis comparing general mental ability and emotional intelligence in entrepreneurial settings,' appears in Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. "The extreme nature of the pandemic has made one's ability to manage emotions and social connections critically more important, especially so during these times of major disruption and crisis," said Ernest O'Boyle, associate professor of management and entrepreneurship and the Dale M Coleman Chair in Management.

The Oklahoman

Jewish historian to discuss antisemitism in free online lecture series

A prominent Jewish historian is set to give three virtual presentations for Oklahoma City University's annual Neustadt Lectures set for Feb. 9 through 11. Alvin H. Rosenfeld, professor of English and Jewish studies at Indiana University, Bloomington, will give three lectures via Zoom: 7 p.m. Feb. 9, "Antisemitism in Today's America: Causes and Consequences"; 2:30 p.m. Feb. 10, "History of Antisemitism and Its Culmination in the Nazi Genocide of the Jews during World War II"; 1 p.m. Feb. 11, "Connections Between Anti-Zionism and Antisemitism." ... Registration is required by emailing rsvp@okcu.edu with name and preferred email address. The event is free and open to the public.

IU Voices in the News

Inside Higher Ed

A 'philanthropic pivot' at California Lutheran

Gifts are more likely to be earmarked for new purposes when circumstances change, said Amir Pasic, dean of the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis. "Obviously, the pandemic is a huge change of circumstance," Pasic said. "I think people have become much more conscious of the fact that students need help." The pandemic has raised donor awareness about student financial needs, Pasic said. Nationwide protests last summer against police brutality and in support of racial justice and economic equity also spurred conversations about educational access and student support, especially for nonwhite students and students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.

Healio

Heart societies issue call to action to reduce air pollution, harmful exposure

The statement from the American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, the European Society of Cardiology and the World Heart Federation, which highlighted the role health care providers can play in preventing disease associated with air pollution, was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Circulation, the European Heart Journal and Global Heart. "Clinicians have a responsibility to educate their patients, their colleagues and their communities at large on the connection between air pollution and cardiovascular disease risk," Richard Kovacs, MD, MACC, the Q. E. and Sally Russell professor of cardiology at Indiana University School of Medicine, immediate past president of the ACC and senior author of the joint statement, said in a press release.

Fox 59

Wild week in the stock market may have bred a new form of investor

A large group of Reddit users turned the stock market upside down over the week. It caused some people to make millions, while others lost a fortune. Experts believe it may have started a trend. ... "Robinhood, Draft Kings, and FanDuel, they are all using gamer technology in the way it looks," details Indiana University financial professor Charles Trzcinka, "If you start gambling, you're going to lose everything. It's like any other technology, it's how it's used. If you drive it too fast, you're going to get in an accident. Don't wear a seatbelt? You will get hurt. These are fast cars."

WALB

Delirium or dementia: Know the difference

More than five million people in the US are living with dementia. It affects attention, memory, and judgment. However, in the hospital dementia is commonly misdiagnosed as delirium, a mistake that can delay treatment to slow the progression of the disease. ... "The main difference between delirium and dementia is delirium develops acutely and it tends to fluctuate. So the patient could be fine at one moment and very soon they can be fluctuating," said Dr. Barbar Khan, critical care physician at the Regenstrief Institute at Indiana University. Dementia is a chronic condition. Delirium is short lived and mainly affects attention, while dementia mainly affects memory. And the most important distinction between the two conditions is that delirium is reversible, while dementia is not.

The Indianapolis Star

'Government overreach': Indy Democrats, Republican lawmakers clash over policy

It's a recurring scenario exacerbated by a state and local divide: while Democrats now hold a supermajority on the city-county council, Republicans maintain a stronghold in the Statehouse. Some political watchers say the disconnect between city council and state lawmakers, plus the General Assembly's tendency to overstep, has only gotten worse as the two governing bodies have shifted further apart politically. ... Paul Helmke, a former Republican mayor of Fort Wayne who is now a professor at Indiana University, said the GOP used to stand for local control. "But Republicans now in the Indiana legislature and a lot of legislators around the country," Helmke said, "appear to be saying 'We don't really believe in the local level, because we don’t trust mayors."

WFYI

Some grocery stores continue to ban reusable bags, despite low risk of COVID-19 spread

The pandemic has led to a lot of confusion about whether it's safe to bring reusable bags into grocery stores. While some stores allow them, others don't. The science on how the virus spreads has evolved -- and some question the need to continue reusable bag bans. ... Kevin Slates is a clinical associate professor in Indiana University's School of Public Health and directs its industrial hygiene lab. He said now we know the main way COVID-19 spreads is from person to person -- so when an infected person coughs or talks -- and not from touching something like a grocery bag. "They need a host to live -- and that's a good thing. So when viruses deposited on the surfaces they're not very stable," Slates said. Slates said environmental conditions -- like temperature and air flow -- also weaken the virus. "What I would say the risk is low. And is there a risk? Yes. Is it a primary route of exposure? No," he said.

The Atlantic

The colleges that took the pandemic seriously

Written by Dr. Aaron E. Carroll, a professor of pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine. Until vaccines against COVID-19 are available to all, the public will need two things: a reason for hope and a vision of how to live more safely and productively in the meantime. For both, Americans can look to the examples set by a number of colleges and universities -- a surprising turn, perhaps, given the widespread anxieties that these institutions' reopening in the fall created.

Chemical and Engineering News

Did disordered proteins help launch life on Earth?

Most researchers studying early life believe that the first self-replicating molecule to take hold was RNA, an idea known as the RNA-world hypothesis. But eventually came proteins -- the actors that carry out almost all cellular functions—and DNA, the blueprint that encodes them. It's the proteins -- and their building blocks, amino acids -- that have always intrigued biochemist A. Keith Dunker, an emeritus professor at Indiana University.  ... "But no one was discussing why these last amino acids were added," Dunker says. "What was the selective advantage?" ... (S)tudies suggest that IDPs and structured proteins perform complementary jobs in cells. "Disorder can do things that structure can't and vice versa," Dunker says.

Tristate Homepage

Congress weighing minimum wage raise

For the first time since 2009, a federal minimum wage hike could be on the horizon, potentially going from $7.25 an hour to $15.00 an hour by 2025. The push comes as part of President Joe Biden's $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief package but some local business owners have their concerns. ... Still, Indiana University assistant finance professor Kristoph Kleiner says the benefits of increasing the federal minimum wage outweigh the risks, saying an increase "certainly makes a lot of sense." Kleiner adds the benefits could be felt by millions of Americans earning wages less than $15.00 an hour.

Indiana Daily Student

Some IU students won big after GameStop's stock surge. But experts still urge caution.

IUPUI sophomore Sam Chen said he couldn't believe his eyes when he checked the stock market Thursday morning. More than a year ago, Chen bought 50 GameStop stock shares for about $4.60 per share. He said he originally bought the GameStop shares for fun, thinking because the price was already so low, he wouldn’t lose much if it fell further. Thursday morning, the stock had risen almost 8,600% since he bought the shares to $396 per share. Doubting the stock price would stay high for long, Chen said he immediately sold all his shares Thursday and profited $19,570. ... Despite the stories of overnight fortunes, Charles Trzcinka, professor at the Kelley School of Business, said amateur investors including college students shouldn’t expect to change their lives profiting off the recent stock surges. "For every kid who's a gamer who turns $10,000 into a million, there's also going to be a bunch of kids who lose their college tuition," he said. ...  (IU Bloomington) junior Brandon Gorz, co-president of the Financial Services Club, said he didn’t invest in GameStop’s stock. He said he tends to trade stocks based on long-term assessments of companies’ performances. "As an investor, I know what I'm good at, and I know what I'm not good at," he said. "I'll watch from the sidelines."

Wired

Biden wants the government to run on EVs. It won't be easy

President Biden last week signed an executive order that, among other initiatives to mitigate climate change, strongly encourages the federal government to buy only zero-emission vehicles. Biden wants those vehicles to be made mostly in the US, by unionized workers, which he thinks will help stimulate the economy and create up to 1 million jobs. ... "It's a very symbolic gesture, and the first of its kind from the federal government," says Sanya Carley, a professor who studies energy policy at the O'Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University. "This sets a precedent."

Bloomberg Law

Multiple COVID-19 vaccine protections pose messaging challenge

Varying protection levels in forthcoming Covid-19 vaccines could pose a messaging challenge for public health leaders racing to achieve high vaccination levels. ... "A 70% or 75% effective rate is still really wonderful. It is on par even above some of the other vaccines that we use all the time," Katharine J. Head, an associate professor at Indiana University whose research focuses on health communications in vaccines and cancer screenings, said in an interview. The seasonal flu shot is about 40% to 60% effective at reducing the risk of illness.

Salon

Why Phoenix may be uninhabitable by the end of this century

There will come a day when the temperature won't fall below 100 degrees in Phoenix during the nighttime," Dr. Andrew Ross, a professor of social and cultural analysis at New York University who wrote "Bird on Fire: Lessons from the World's Least Sustainable City," told Salon. "That will be a threshold of some kind." ... The reason has to do with something called the Heat Island Effect, a concept that describes the effect in which the densely-populated, central parts of a city with lots of concrete and asphalt will have higher temperatures compared to the less populous areas ... Sarah Mincey, associate professor at Indiana University's O'Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, added that the Heat Island Effect is caused by urban centers gradually losing their tree canopies, meaning that sunlight is absorbed and held in by materials like roads and rooftops, which are typically darker in color. When they finally do release that heat back into the air, it increases the temperature experienced by the people in those urban environments.

Kokomo Perspective

Counselor offers tips to combat depression during pandemic

Add in nearly a year of isolation and worries brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, and there's potential for significant increases in anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions in the first few months of 2021. There are steps you can take to combat these issues, however, and help is just a phone call or email away. Elizabeth Barnett, licensed mental health counselor and director of Counseling and Psychological Services at Indiana University Kokomo said mental health issues are a side effect of the pandemic that isn’t discussed as much as the physical effects. "There's a different overall sense of anxiety in the world today," she said. "Death tolls and positive coronavirus testing rates are being thrown at us on a daily basis. Then you add wintertime isolation."

Journal Review

The path forward

Written by Lee Hamilton, a senior advisor for the Indiana University Center on Representative Government; a Distinguished Scholar at the IU Hamilton Lugar School of Global and International Studies; and a professor of practice at the IU O'Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs. With the handoff of power from one president to another, we enter this new phase of our national life in deep distress. We are divided and polarized, struggling to communicate reasonably with one another, and seemingly unable to find common ground on basic issues. Yet the path forward is neither new nor, really, difficult. We all know what needs to happen. We just need to do it.

The New York Times

How women are changing the philanthropy game

Wealthy women giving their money and time away is nothing new (see: ;Brooke Astor, Nan Kempner, Liz Thompson and Agnes Gund). But for many decades, those who were married did so in their husbands' names, or more quietly, without wide recognition. A study published in 1985 that followed 70 female volunteers in "high society" for several years found that the unpaid work the women did was often unrecognized or belittled. ... "Women who engaged in philanthropy were the behind-the-scenes volunteers, the unrecognized work," said Debra Mesch, a professor of philanthropy at Indiana University's Lilly Family School of Philanthropy Women's Philanthropy Institute (at IUPUI). "The men were the faces." ... "Despite their successes, these donors are still people of color, they're still women and they're still subject to the effects of racism and sexism. They can't escape that until we have social change. That gives them different insight to the organization and the causes they're supporting," said Tyrone Freeman, an assistant professor of philanthropic studies at the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy and the author of "Madam C.J. Walker's Gospel of Giving: Black Women's Philanthropy During Jim Crow." "You have to reach out and take them seriously. For a long time that wasn't happening when it comes to women and people of color."

The Wall Street Journal

The CIA fine-tunes its hiring pitch to millennials and Gen Z

Recruitment was a clubby affair in the earliest years of the Central Intelligence Agency. The CIA, founded in 1947, scoured Ivy League campuses and elite East Coast social circles to find promising young men (and a handful of women) to fill out its ranks at home and abroad. Today, the agency is turning to more public tools in a hiring push to expand and diversify its ranks. ... The CIA hopes these efforts will convince the millions of millennials and Gen-Zers scrolling through their phones and streaming TV to consider a career in intelligence. ... Richard Solomon, a 24-year-old graduate of Indiana University who majored in international relations, says he once dreamed of becoming a spy and first learned Arabic with that in mind. But he became disillusioned by the post-9/11 War on Terror. "This sexy image I had as a child, of undercover CIA agents kind of saving the world, slowly eroded and was replaced by knowledge of torture chambers," he says, encapsulating some of his generation's skepticism.

The Wall Street Journal

Government 'SWAT team' is reviewing past startup deals tied to Chinese investors

A national-security panel on the hunt for Chinese involvement in U.S. technology companies is scrutinizing startup investments that are months or even years old. The Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S., or Cfius, has over the past two years built out a new enforcement arm of roughly two dozen people tasked with rooting out old investment deals that involve sensitive technologies and could pose a threat to national security, according to current and former government officials and national-security lawyers. The team has its sights on venture-capital investments, even small-dollar deals, where the money can be traced back to China, these people say. ... "A more assertive Cfius is here to stay," said Sarah Bauerle Danzman, assistant professor of international studies at Indiana University Bloomington, who held a yearlong position on Cfius that ended in August.

Related stories: Business Insider

The Conversation

Navalny returns to Russia and brings anti-Putin politics with him

Written by Regina Smyth, a professor of political science at Indiana University. Russian opposition leader Aleksei Navalny and his team have stunned the Russian government again, forcing President Vladimir Putin and his allies to confront significant protest led by a foe they hoped to first sideline and, more recently, eliminate. ... Since 2011, Navalny has been often quoted saying that his goal is to live in a normal country that is fair and can realize its economic potential. When he ran for Moscow mayor in 2013, his campaign slogan was "Change Russia, Begin with Moscow."

The Bloomington Herald-Times

The GameStop 'short squeeze' explained

Billionaire Wall Street investment firms are reeling, Reddit users are cheering and some people are scratching their heads after the value of GameStop stock surged 1,700% since December, with much of the increase occurring in the past week. For those in the last group, Steve Jones, a professor of finance at the Indiana University Kelley School of Business, explained what led to the recent market volatility and offered his take on what it means going forward.

Insider

10 sex drive myths experts say are toxic and gendered

Sex drive (or libido) is the instinct, desire, or energy to engage in sexual behavior. There's no right or wrong frequency or amount of sex. Everyone has their own baseline of what "normal" libido is because it varies from one individual to another. "Desire for sex is based on a variety of factors, including how we feel mentally and physically, the setting, the stimuli, the person(s) we are with. Sexual desire ebbs and flows in response to situations," says Justin R. Garcia, MS, PhD, who (is) a sex researcher and executive director of the Kinsey Institute at Indiana University.

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